Elemental Correspondence

Earth, fire, water and air. the four elements and how they are used for ritual.

Not all witches use elemental correspondences, and among those who do, there is a great deal of variation. The most common elements used in Wicca and witchcraft are earth, air, fire, and water. Spirit is often added to acknowledge the spiritual component of them all. You will have to experiment to find what works best for you.

When invoking the elements, they are often associated with the cardinal directions, often with Air in the East, Fire in the South, Water in the West, and Earth in the North. However, this is by no means the only possibility. The elements themselves may vary as well. For example, some Celtic traditions use earth, sky, and water, and others use the cosmological realms of Underworld, Earth and Sky.

Thus, the correspondences listed within this page provide only one possibility among many. The sources for these correspondences include Scott Cunningham, Silver Ravenwolf, Amber Wolfe, Yasmine Galenorn, and Branwen's Book of Shadows which undoubtedly owes credit to dozens of unnamed sources. Books by these renowned authors can be purchased though out online shop for further study.

The Importance of the Elements


The element of air is associated with metal process and the mind. It is creative and is that which causes magickal intentions to become manifest. It is also associated with higher consciousness and wisdom, divination, and purification.

Direction East
Astrological Signs Gemini, Libra, Aquarius
Rules Mind, mental and psychic work, intuition, knowledge, abstract thought, wind, breath, clouds, inspiration, hearing, herbal knowledge, plant growth, purification, freedom, revealing truth, finding lost things, instruction, telepathy, memory, learning the secrets of the dead, Zen meditation, new beginnings, illuminations
Types of Magick Divination, concentration, prophecy, visualization, wind magick, karma
Colors White, yellow, light blue, lavender, gray
Season Spring
Magickal Tools Athame, sword, censer, incense
Time of Day Dawn
Energy Projective
Gemstones Aventurine, topaz, mica, fluorite, crystals, amethyst, yellow or blue stones
Metal Tin, copper
Plants Acacia, anise, aspen, benzoin, clover, dill, frankincense, lavender, lemongrass, myrrh, pine, primrose, vermain, violet, yarrow
Animals Birds, insects, spiders
Goddesses Aradia, Arianrhod, Athena, Nuit, Urania
Gods Mercury, Hermes, Shu, Thoth


The element of fire is associated with change and passion. It is both physical and spiritual, being related to sexuality and to divinity. Fire magick is quickly manifested and filled with primal energy.

Direction South
Astrological Signs Aries, Leo, Sagittarius
Rules Energy, sexuality, passions, love, authority, transformation, purification, candle flames, sun, blood, healing, destruction, will, creativity, flame, heat, bonfires, hearth fires, protection, courage, strength, physical exercise, self-knowledge, loyalty, vision, illumination, power
Types of Magick Candle, storm, time
Colors Red, gold, crimson, orange, white
Season Summer
Magickal Tools Wand, candles, dagger, burned herbs or requests on paper
Time of Day Noon
Energy Projective, masculine
Gemstones Red jasper, bloodstone, garnet, lava, quartz crystals, ruby, carnelian, tigers eye, rhodochrosite, agates
Metal Gold, brass
Plants Allspice, basil, cacti, Chile peppers, cinnamon, garlic, heliotrope, hibiscus, juniper, lime, mustard, nettle, onion, orange, red peppers, red poppies, thistle, almond tree
Animals Lions, lizards, salamander, snakes, praying mantis, ladybug, bee, scorpion, shark, phoenix, coyote, fox
Goddesses Brigit, Freya, Hestia, Pele, Vesta
Gods Vulcan, Ra, Agni, Hephaestus, Horus


Earth is the element that is most stable and dependable. It represents abundance, prosperity, and wealth, and is creative but in a practical, physical manner.

Direction North
Astrological Signs Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn
Rules The body, growth, money, creativity, birth, death, material gain, fertility, birth, healing, rocks, trees, animals, manifestation, materialization, crystals, silence, metal, empathy, grounding, employment, stability, success, runes, strength, practical wisdom, mystery
Types of Magick Gardening, grounding, magnet, image, stone, tree, knot, binding
Colors Black, brown, green, gold, white
Season Winter
Magickal Tools Pentacle, salt, images, stones, cord magick
Time of Day Midnight, night
Energy Receptive, feminine
Gemstones Rock crystal, emeralds, peridot, onyx, jasper, azurite, amethyst, royal azute, tourmaline, tourmalanted quartz, rutilated quartz
Metal Iron, lead
Plants Cedar, cypress, comfrey, honeysuckle, ivy, grains, magnolia, patchouli, primrose, sage, vetivert, nuts, oak
Animals Cow or bull, bison, stag, dog, horse, gopher, ant, bears, wolf
Goddesses Ceres, Cerridwyn, Demeter, Gaia, Persephone, Epona, Kore, Mah, Prithivi, Rhea, Rhiannon
Gods Adonis, Athos, Arawn, Cernunnos, Dionysus, Herne, Marduk, Pan, Tammuz, Thor


The element of water is associated with the subconscious mind, intuition, and emotions. As the primal substance of life, it is symbolized by the womb and is related to fertility.

Direction West
Astrological Signs Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces
Rules Emotions, feelings, love, courage, the unconscious mind, intuition, the womb, marriage, friendship, happiness, dreams, sleep, healing, menstruation, fertility, cleansing, purification, vision quests, self-healing, sorrow, reflection, psychic ability, oceans, rivers, lakes, rain, springs and wells
Types of Magick Magick involving the sea, snow or ice, mirror, magnet, rain, cleansing and purification
Colors Blue, blue-green, green, gray, indigo, aquamarine, white
Season Autumn
Magickal Tools Chalice, cauldron, mirrors
Time of Day Twilight, dusk
Energy Receptive, feminine
Gemstones Aquamarine, amethyst, blue tourmaline, pearl, coral, blue topaz, blue fluorite, lapis lazuli, sodalite
Metal Mercury, silver, copper
Plants Aloe, apple, catnip, chamomile, ferns, gardenia, lemon, lettuce, lilac, lily of the valley, lotus, mosses, orris, passion flower, rose, seaweeds, thyme, valerian, water lilies, all water plants, willow tree
Animals All fish, shellfish and sea mammals, serpents, sea birds, cat, frog, turtle, swan, bear
Goddesses Aphrodite, Isis, Mariamne, Mari, Tiamat, Yemaya, Ran, Kupala
Gods Dylan, Ea, Manannan, Osiris, Neptune, Poseidon, Varuna